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STEELBUILDING.COM is merely a supplier of metal buildings and has no control over nor responsibility for the way our customers erect them. However, we would like to offer some general comments about the importance of safe erection practices. Our opinions and advice should in no way be taken as authoritative nor complete. Above all else, we recommend that anyone involved in erecting a metal building familiarize himself with the relevant safety procedures required by OSHA as well as applicable local and state codes, regulations, and recommendations.

General Safety Practices
The first step towards creating a safe job site is to make safety a high priority. Workers should hold daily meetings to identify potential problems and discuss safety procedures. They should review or familiarize themselves with the OSHA requirements for the type of work they are going to do, and everyone on the crew should agree to follow proper, proven procedures. Those inexperienced or unfamiliar with recommended practices should receive training. Safety requires a commitment from everyone involved.
Before beginning construction, check for overhead obstructions and power lines. Use proper shoring for all excavation work. Don't use power tools on wet ground. Make sure all electric tools are properly grounded.

Personal Equipment
To minimize risk and increase productivity, workers should use only top-quality, professional-grade tools. Everyone at the site should wear appropriate protective clothing, including
  • Hard hats
  • Gloves
  • Rubber-soled shoes
  • Eye-protection
Handling Materials
When unloading or moving long or heavy loads, always use a spreader bar or a lift cable. Spreader bars are preferable. Lift cables develop dangerous levels of stress if the angle between the load and the cable is less 45°. Always attach the cable ends so that this angle is 45° or greater. When lifting and moving heavy loads, check for frayed, kinked, or damaged cables. Allow an extra safety margin on weight test limits. Never allow anyone to stand under a load that is being moved. Be sure to keep hands and fingers clear of loads being moved.

Erection Procedures
Frame Erection: When erecting red-iron sections, be aware that until the entire structure is tied together and firmly bolted to the slab it is vulnerable to wind and gravity. As each bay is erected, always tie the mainframes together with purlins and girts before proceeding to the next bay. Use temporary bracing or guy cables to stabilize partially erected frames. Never disengage lifting lines from frame sections until they are braced or guyed. Never leave a job site while frames remain unbraced or unguyed. Never cut or modify primary framing (I-beam rigid frame columns and rafters, endframe columns and interior columns, all of which are specifically designed to bear the forces acting on the structure). Always install wind bracing as instructed in drawings. Never over tighten wind bracing.

Secondary Framing, Sheeting, and Insulation: Never use a girt as a ladder. Always wipe metal panels clean of any oil before installing them. Remember that insulation has no load-bearing strength; do not walk on it. Do not lean or prop material against wall insulation. When working with fiberglass insulation, observe all proper safety procedures. Minimize contact with insulation fibers by using dust masks, gloves, and long-sleeved shirts. Do not install more insulation on the roof than can be covered by roof panels before the work day ends. Do not allow insulation to become wet.

Working Above Ground: When working on roofs, scaffolding, ladders, etc., use OSHA-approved tie-offs, netting, or rails. When working on roofs, all workers should remain continually aware of their position relative to its edge. Never use a single roof panel as a work platform. Roof panels must be completely attached to the purlins and to adjacent panels before they can be considered a safe walking surface. Skylights or translucent panels can never be considered a safe walking surface. Never walk on insulation. Do not step on the major ribs of PBR panels. Do not step on the major rib, the side edge, or end edge of R panels, and never step within five feet of the end of any unsecured panel. Use walkboards to work on any panels that are not fully secured. Place the walkboards in the flat of the panel. Walkboards should run the full length of the panel and be fastened together by ropes tied off at holes drilled near the end of each board. Cut a groove in the bottom of the board between the edge and the hole so the rope will not tip the board.

For more information on job site safety and safe erection practices consult the OSHA web site.



Never walk on insulation, skylights, or unattached panels
Never walk on insulation, skylights, or unattached panels


We recommend spreader bars for longer loads, but when using a lift cable keep the angle above 45° We recommend spreader bars for longer loads, but when using a lift cable keep the angle above 45°

We recommend spreader bars for longer loads, but when using a lift cable keep the angle above 45°


Keep everyone clear of moving loads
Keep everyone clear of moving loads


Building frame Building frame erection
 

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